# Linear and Non Linear Correlation

Linear Correlation

Correlation is said to be linear if the ratio of change is constant. When the amount of output in a factory is doubled by doubling the number of workers, this is an example of linear correlation.

In other words, when all the points on the scatter diagram tend to lie near a line which looks like a straight line, the correlation is said to be linear. This is shown in the figure on the left below.

Non Linear (Curvilinear) Correlation

Correlation is said to be non linear if the ratio of change is not constant. In other words, when all the points on the scatter diagram tend to lie near a smooth curve, the correlation is said to be non linear (curvilinear). This is shown in the figure on the right below.