Algebra is a branch of mathematics which was originated by an early Muslim mathematician named Muhammad Bin Musa Al-Khwarizmi.
He wrote a book on algebra called “Al Jabar-wa-Al-Muqabalah”. The word algebra is taken from the title of this book, “Al Jabar”. In arithmetic we deal with specific numbers while in algebra we deal with numbers as well as letters of the alphabet , where alphabets represent unspecified numbers. The same basic operations of arithmetic are also used in algebra.