Some basic elementary properties of a ring can be illustrated with help of following theorems and these properties are used in developing further concepts in rings and these properties are building of rings.

__Theorem__**: **

If is a ring, then for all are in .

**(a)**

**(b)**

**(c)**

__Proof__**: (a)** We know that

Since is a group under addition, applying right cancellation law,

Similarly,

Applying right cancellation law for addition, we get i.e.

Thus

__Proof__**: (b)** To prove that we should show that

We know that because with the above result **(a)**

** **

** **

Similarly, to show , we must show that

But

hence the result

__Proof__**: (c)** Actually to prove is a special case of forgoing article. However its proof is given as under:

Because is a consequence of the fact that in a group inverse of the inverse of an element is element itself.