# Introduction to the Cone

A **cone** is a solid figure generated by a line, one end of which is fixed and the other end describes a closed curve in a plane.

A **circular cone** is a solid figure whose base is a circle and whose lateral surface area (i.e. curved surface area) tapers uniformly to a point which is called the **vertex or apex**. The **axis** of the cone is a straight line drawn from the vertex to the center of the base.

A **right circular cone** is a cone whose base is a circle and whose axis is perpendicular to the base. Such a cone can also be described as a solid formed by a right triangle rotated about one of its sides as an axis. It may, therefore, be called a **cone of revolution**. The **altitude** of a cone is the perpendicular line from the vertex to the base ( as shown in the figure).

The **slant height** is the length of a straight line drawn from the vertex to the circumference of the base ( as shown in the figure). If is any point on the circle (the base of the cone), we obtain the following using the Pythagorean Theorem,

Where

is the slant height of the cone

is the altitude of the cone

is the radius of the base of the cone

A pyramid with a circular base is given the special name of "cone", i.e. a cone may be considered the limiting case of a pyramid when the number of sides of the base polygon increases indefinitely.