A cone is a solid figure generated by a line, one end of which is fixed and the other end describe a closed curve in a plane.
A circular cone is a solid figure whose base is a circle and whose lateral surface area (i.e. curved surface area) tapers uniformly to a point: which is called the vertex or apex. The axis of the cone is a straight line drawn from the vertex to the center of the base.
A right circular cone is a cone whose base is a circle and whose axis is perpendicular to the base. Such a cone can also be described as solid formed by a right triangle rotated about one of its sides as an axis; it may, therefore, be called a cone of revolution. Altitude of a cone is the perpendicular line from the vertex to the base. ( as shown in the figure).
The slant height is the length of a straight line drawn from the vertex to the circumference of the base ( as shown in the figure). If is any point on the circle (base of the cone), we obtain by Pythagorean Theorem,
, being slant height of the cone
altitude of the cone
, radius of the base of the cone
A pyramid with a circular base is given the special name of cone i.e., a cone may be considered the limiting case of a pyramid when the number of sides of the base polygon increases indefinitely.