Consider the two straight lines
For any nonzero constant , the equation of the form
being linear in and is an equation of a straight line.
If is the point of intersection of line (i) and (ii), then it must satisfy both equations (i) and (ii), i.e.
Next we check whether the point lies on (iii) or not. For this we replace by and by in equation (iii), and we have
Using equation (iv) and (v) in equation (vi), we get the following result:
This shows that (vi) is true for all and for . Thus, the point lies on (vi) for all . In fact (vi) represents the equation of the line through the point of intersection of the lines (i) and (ii). Since is any real number, equation (vi) shows that there will be an infinite number of lines through the point of intersection of the lines (i) and (ii).
In order to find the particular line, we must have the particular value of , and this particular value of can be found with the help of some given conditions.
Example: Find the equation of a line through the point and the point of intersection of lines and .
The equation of a straight line through the point of intersection of lines and is given as
Since the required line passes through the point , this point must satisfy the equation, i.e.
Putting this value of in the required equation of a straight line, we have
This is the required equation of the straight line.