Compound Proportion

The proportion involving two or more quantities is called Compound Proportion

Rules for Solving Compound Proportions

\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {{\text{Quantity 1}}}&{{\text{Quantity  2}}}&{{\text{Quantity 3}}} \\ {\text{a}}&{\text{b}}&{\text{c}} \\ {\text{d}}&{\text{e}}&x \end{array}


CASE-1
If quantity 1 and quantity 2 are directly related and quantity 2 and quantity 3 are also directly related.
Then we use the following rule

\boxed{\frac{{{\text{a  x b}}}}{{\text{c}}} = {\text{ }}\frac{{{\text{d x e}}}}{x}}


CASE-2
If quantity 1 and quantity 2 are directly related and quantity 2 and quantity 3 are inversely related.
Then we use the following rule

\boxed{\frac{{{\text{b  x c}}}}{{\text{a}}}{\text{  =  }}\frac{{{\text{e x }}x}}{{\text{d}}}}


CASE-3
If quantity 1 and quantity 2 are inversely related and quantity 2 and quantity 3 are directly related.
Then we use the following rule

\boxed{\frac{{{\text{a  x b}}}}{{\text{c}}}{\text{  =  }}\frac{{{\text{d x e}}}}{x}}


CASE-4
If quantity 1 and quantity 2 are inversely related and quantity 2 and quantity 3 are also inversely related.
Then we use the following rule

\boxed{{\text{a  x b x c  =  d x e x }}x}

Example:
195 men working 10 hour a day can finish a job in 20 days. How many men employed to finish the job in 15 days if they work 13 hours a day.
Solution:
Let x be the no. of men required

\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {{\text{Days}}}&{{\text{Hours}}}&{{\text{Men}}} \\ {{\text{20}}}&{{\text{10}}}&{{\text{195}}} \\ {{\text{15}}}&{{\text{13}}}&x \end{array}


\begin{gathered} 20 \times 10 \times 195 = 15 \times 13{\text{  }} \times x \\ x = \frac{{{\text{20 x 10 x  195}}}}{{{\text{15 x 13}}}} = 200\,men \\ \end{gathered}


Example:
A soap factory makes 100 units in 9 days with help of 20 machines. How many units can be made in 12 days with the help of 18 machines?
Solution:

\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {{\text{Machines}}}&{{\text{Days}}}&{{\text{Units}}} \\ {{\text{20}}}&{\text{9}}&{{\text{600}}} \\ {{\text{18}}}&{{\text{12}}}&x \end{array}


\begin{gathered} \frac{{{\text{20 x  9}}}}{{{\text{600}}}}{\text{  =  }}\frac{{{\text{18 x 12}}}}{x} \\ 20 \times 9 \times x = {\text{ }}600 \times  18 \times 12 \\ x = \frac{{{\text{600 x 18 x  12}}}}{{{\text{20 x 9}}}} = 720\,units \\ \end{gathered}

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