Algebra is a branch of Mathematics, which was originated by an early Muslim mathematician “Muhammad Bin Musa Al-Khwarizmi”.
He wrote a book on algebra “Al Jabar-wa-Al-Muqabalah”. The word algebra has been taken from the title of this book. “Al Jabar”. In arithmetic we deal with specific numbers while in algebra we deal with number as well as letters of the alphabets where alphabets represent unspecified numbers. The same basic operations of arithmetic are also used in algebra.